The endless doesn’t scare me, it surprises me.
Have you ever wondered why black holes are so special? Why there is so much mystery surrounding them?
Why do we need such a strong gravitational force? Why are singularities so fascinating?
To try and answer some of these questions, let us go back to the BIG BANG! Assuming it happened and in the way we predict, let us continue our line of thought with that precedent.
We do not know why the big bang occurred and how we only know the expansion after it occurred. A common, misinterpreted notion is that the big bang is the theory of how everything started, but in fact, the big bang is the theory of expansion after the “start of the universe”. So when we imagine the early universe, we also imagine the various combinations of elements coming under certain conditions to form space structures. The structure of interest today is the – Blackhole.
So there are three primary ideas we think of when we look at the word-
1. Light cannot escape
2. High gravitational pull
3. space-time warping
But that is not all that interests us. There is something so special about the black hole structure that makes us curious.
We predict that the core of the structure, the gravitational pull is so high that the laws of physics break down, that we will be able to observe every element in the early universe state. In our previous blog, we discussed that an initial position could never be achieved because as observers, we will always be part of that state and have precedence to it. Any initial state is never going to be the very first without having a state before it. But here at the core of the black hole, we find a small loophole. Although we may never be able to create an initial state, we can develop a state of non-interference with physical laws.
Let me explain this-
For us to make exact and complete predictions of any given system, we need the initial conditions that bound the system, but we see that as observers we can never truly create unbounded systems to initiate a new one. The need to know initial conditions– There are always physical laws that bound the system as well as the observing system, so pure initial conditions can never be achieved. But what if we broke down every single physical law to the purest form? We would be creating a pseudo state where no physical laws apply, so you have no bounded systems, and being within a black hole is perfect for doing this. The only catch is the observer, and the elements he is studying will both need to be in that state, which means you also will be broken down in your purest state!
So maybe we could see what life looks like in a state of no physical laws.
This brings me to a very interesting for in the road – if everything breaks down inside the structure where does it all go? Or rather, what happens next?
The singularity of a black hole posses an obvious question- once everything is broken down, can it all combine to start something new again? We don’t have the physical evidence, theoretical physics, or mathematics to say no. So we start saying yes until we have a better idea. We can up with the ingenious thought of a WHITE HOLE, the reverse of a black hole, where nothing can enter, but matter and light can escape. Very convenient, I would say.
Apart from the idealistic thought, the white hole paves a new way for us. It lets us believe that the white hole can be the start of a new beginning ( the only reason I have used the colloquial term is that saying the universe would be too precarious).
If everything can breakdown, recombine and come right out, then we are essentially creating something from scratch, not the big bang but a dulled down version of it.
It’s something to think about.
As we go through the importance and the possibilities of black holes, we must also look at how they are formed. One of the most commonly known methods of the death of a star, a star usually with a core or iron if there is enough mass concentration. Although something that recently surfaced was the inward collapse of a neutron star. Apparently the inward collapse and mind you NOT death can also cause the formation of a black hole. It’s exciting because neutron stars are structures with a very small radius and a core made of neutrons, which is not the conventional idea of the black hole formation. Now that we. have this new piece of information we must start thinking on the lines of – Can neutron stars produce jets that are faster than the speed of light?
About 60% of the people I surveyed said yes!
The next question is – if there is something faster than the speed of light is it made is matter , anti matter or exotic matter ?
Only 14% felt that it not matter.
Recently there was a massive star that started to release gamma rays while dying. These gamma rays were particularly special because they seemed to spit out time-reversed signals meaning those signals went through clumps of the star in reverse order, almost like hitting a reflective surface and then blasting out. And the clumps disrupted in a bizarre state that could not be explained by ordinary physics.
So my question was – Are the laws of physics breaking down during the formation of the black hole or after it has completely formed?
80% felt it was during the formation.
There is a common thought that stars are the intermediate state of a black hole formation but is mass is concentrated enough; it can directly collapse into a black hole. In fact, a pop-science theory about Graham’s number says precisely that – if you think of the exact number your head could collapse into one!
Apart from pop science ideas, having such an amount of concentrated mass could possibly allow for such a phenomenon and 75% of the people thought so.
I will end it with a few questions that we will aim to answer in the next blog- How are black holes so stable? Can black holes “die”? Can black holes exist with black holes?
Post your comments and let me know what you think !